Glossary

Active Server Pages

Active server pages, commonly referred to as ASP, are used to create dynamic content for websites. This is a windows-based specification to ensure that all visitors are able to view the site, even if they are all requesting it at the same time. The mechanism of this specification operates in a simple manner; the server will decode the information into HTML format and resend the same to your computer’s Internet browser. There are other specifications, such as those used by Linux servers (PHP). It is however dependent on the website hosting plan that you are using. Different plans will mean different ASP for particular web hosting service providers.
AGPS – Assisted GPS

Assisted GPS (abbreviated generally as A-GPS and less commonly as aGPS) is a system that often significantly improves startup performance—i.e., time-to-first-fix (TTFF), of a GPS satellite-based positioning system. A-GPS is extensively used with GPS-capable cellular phones, as its development was accelerated by the U.S. FCC’s 911 requirement to make cell phone location data available to emergency call dispatchers.[1] Source Wikipedia

API

Application programming interface.

In computer programming, an application programming interface (API) is a set of routines, protocols, and tools for building software applications. An API expresses a software component in terms of its operations, inputs, outputs, and underlying types.

Audio Streaming

In order to access the audio content of any website, it must have the audio streaming feature. It is important to note that your web hosting plan must include that feature in order for users to access audio content on your website. This function usually requires a lot of bandwidth and therefore may not be automatically included in every web hosting plan. Be sure to ask your web hosting service provider if it is supported.

Bandwidth

This refers to a bit rate measure of the amount of available or consumed data by a communication resource, in the case of web-hosting it is how much data is consumed/returned by a server. The Bandwidth is expressed in a unit of bits per second or similar multiples of it, kilobits per second or megabits per second..

CDMA

Code Division Multiple Access, a generic term denoting a wireless interface based on code division multiple access technology, closed in Australia by Telstra in April 2008.

WCDMA stands for Wideband Code Division Multiple Access, and is the 3G technology, as defined by the ITU’s IMT-2000 spec, that is used by UMTS and NTT DoCoMo’s FOMA network. WCDMA makes use of many core CDMA technologies created by Qualcomm, though not nearly as many as do regular CDMA carrier networks.

CGI

Common Gateway Interface

This is commonly known as CGI and is a standard method for web servers to create and delegate the creation of executable files for web content. The executable files are commonly known as CGI Scripts and are programs that are standalone applications, typically written in a form of scripting language.

Chipset

A chipset is a group of integrated circuits (microchips) that can be used together to serve a single function and are therefore manufactured and sold as a unit. For example, one chipset might combine all the microchips needed to serve as the communications controller between a processor and memory and other devices in a computer.

Domain Name

This is the words used to identify your website, including its title and address. This, therefore, means that a domain name must be unique to a particular site. It also means that you cannot use another person’s domain name as it cannot be registered. All domain names have an extension, which means they always end with something like .com, .net, etc.

Encrypted Password

This refers to a password that has been converted to another data format, in order to protect the password from being hacked. Only authorized users can use the encrypted password, with the help of a program to unscramble the encryption

Firmware

Permanent software programmed into a read-only memory.

GPRS

General Packet Radio Service (GPRS) is a packet oriented mobile data service on the 2G and 3G cellular communication system’s global system for mobile communications (GSM).

GPRS was originally standardized by European Telecommunications Standards Institute (ETSI) in response to the earlier CDPD and i-mode packet-switched cellular technologies. It is now maintained by the 3rd Generation Partnership Project (3GPP).[1][2]

GPRS usage is typically charged based on volume of data transferred, contrasting with circuit switched data, which is usually billed per minute of connection time. Usage above the bundle cap is charged per megabyte, speed limited, or disallowed.

GPRS is a best-effort service, implying variable throughput and latency that depend on the number of other users sharing the service concurrently, as opposed to circuit switching, where a certain quality of service (QoS) is guaranteed during the connection.

In 2G systems, GPRS provides data rates of 56–114 kbit/second.[3] 2G cellular technology combined with GPRS is sometimes described as 2.5G, that is, a technology between the second (2G) and third (3G) generations of mobile telephony.[4] It provides moderate-speed data transfer, by using unused time division multiple access (TDMA) channels in, for example, the GSM system. GPRS (3rd Generation Partnership Project) is integrated into GSM Release 97 and newer releases.

Sourse: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/General_Packet_Radio_Service

GSM

GSM (Global System for Mobile Communications, originally Groupe Spécial Mobile), is a standard developed by the European Telecommunications Standards Institute (ETSI) to describe protocols for second-generation (2G) digital cellular networks used by mobile phones, first deployed in Finland in July 1991.[2] As of 2014 it has become the default global standard for mobile communications – with over 90% market share, operating in over 219 countries and territories.[3]

2G networks developed as a replacement for first generation (1G) analog cellular networks, and the GSM standard originally described a digital, circuit-switched network optimized for full duplex voice telephony.

This expanded over time to include data communications, first by circuit-switched transport, then by packet data transport via GPRS (General Packet Radio Services) and EDGE (Enhanced Data rates for GSM Evolution or EGPRS).

Subsequently, the 3GPP (3rd Generation Partnership Project) developed third-generation (3G) UMTS standards followed by fourth-generation (4G) LTE Advanced standards, which do not form part of the ETSI GSM standard.

“GSM” is a trademark owned by the GSM Association. It may also refer to the (initially) most common voice codec used, Full Rate.

Hashtag #

A word or phrase preceded by a hash sign (#), used on social media sites such as Twitter to identify messages on a specific topic.

The hash sign turns any word or group of words that directly follow it into a searchable link, eg. #Locate and #track, #locator-tracker.

Host

The host is the company or organization that provides web hosting services to other companies and individuals. The hosting company normally uses servers to hook up domain names and IP numbers. This, therefore, ensures that your website is searchable using search engines on the Internet. There are multiplicities of hosting companies with different qualities of web hosting services. It is therefore important to select one that you feel will provide the best web hosting plan for your business needs.

Internet marketing

Online advertising, also called online marketing or Internet advertising, is a form of marketing and advertising which uses the Internet to deliver promotional marketing messages to consumers. It includes email marketing, search engine marketing (SEM), social media marketing, many types of display advertising (including web banner advertising), and mobile advertising. Like other advertising media, online advertising frequently involves both a publisher, who integrates advertisements into its online content, and an advertiser, who provides the advertisements to be displayed on the publisher’s content. Other potential participants include advertising agencies who help generate and place the ad copy, an ad server which technologically delivers the ad and tracks statistics, and advertising affiliates who do independent promotional work for the advertiser.

In 2011, Internet advertising revenues in the United States surpassed those of cable television and nearly exceeded those of broadcast television.[1]:19 In 2013, Internet advertising revenues in the United States totaled $42.8 billion, a 17% increase over the $36.57 billion in revenues in 2012.[2]:4–5 U.S. internet ad revenue hit a historic high of $20.1 billion for the first half of 2013, up 18% over the same period in 2012.[3] Online advertising is widely used across virtually all industry sectors.[1]:16

Many common online advertising practices are controversial and increasingly subject to regulation. Online ad revenues may not adequately replace other publishers’ revenue streams. Declining ad revenue has led some publishers to hide their content behind paywalls.[4]

IP

Internet Protocol number – The Internet protocol number, otherwise known as IP address, is the number used to refer to a user’s computer, its location, the host, and the network used. This number acts to identify these details just like you would do when you are searching a geographical location using a house number.

ISP

Internet Service Provider – ISP refers to the company that is providing Internet services to clients. The company gives connection services to its customers by allowing them Internet access through modems, DSL, or even wire connections. With a connection, users can therefore access the Internet on their computer browsers or mobile devices.

LBS

Location Based Service locates via the GSM network, using the SIM card that is inserted in the device.

Sequence of events – When GPS is unavailable for any reason, the LBS takes over automatically, and you have the location details.

Optimizing a website

may involve editing its content, HTML and associated coding to both increase its relevance to specific keywords and to remove barriers to the indexing activities of search engines. Promoting a site to increase the number of backlinks, or inbound links, is another SEO tactic.

PCB

Printed Circuit Board (PCB)

A printed circuit board (PCB) is the board base for physically supporting and wiring the surface-mounted and socketed components in most electronics.

In applications where fine conductive traces are needed, such as computers, PCBs are made by a photolithographic process, in a larger scale version of the way conductive paths in processors are made.

Electronic components are typically placed by machine onto a finished PCB that has solder dabs in place. The PCB bakes in an industrial oven to melt the solder, which joins the connections. Most PCBs are made from fiberglass or glass-reinforced plastics with copper traces. PCBs can be single-layer for simple electronic devices. Printed circuit boards for complex hardware, such as computer graphics cards and motherboards, may have up to twelve layers. PCBs are most often green but they can come in any color.

Other methods of PCB manufacturing include silk-screening and CNC-milling.

Platform

Platform refers to a computer’s operating system.

RFID

Radio-frequency identification (RFID) is the wireless non-contact use of radio-frequency electromagnetic fields to transfer data, for the purposes of automatically identifying and tracking tags attached to objects. The tags contain electronically stored information.

It is becoming a popular addition to modern day credit cards. These “smart cards” are supposed to be more convenient than traditional credit cards because you do not have to swipe them to use them.

SEO

Search engine optimization (SEO) is the process of effecting the visibility of a website or a web page in a search engine’s unpaid results – often referred to as “natural,” “organic,” or “earned” results. In general, the earlier (or higher ranked on the search results page), and more frequently a site appears in the search results list, the more visitors it will receive from the search engine’s users. SEO may target different kinds of search, including image search, local search, video search, academic search,[1] news search and industry-specific vertical search engines.

As an Internet marketing strategy, SEO considers how search engines work, what people search for, the actual search terms or keywords typed into search engines and which search engines are preferred by their targeted audience.

Server

In web hosting service provision, a server is a machine, a computer, or any other software used to store information so that it can be accessed through the Internet. The server is then used by other computers connected to the Internet as a storage area where information will be retrieved once it is needed. A good web hosting plan will include strong and accessible servers so that users can access this information rapidly and easily.

A SIM card, also known as a subscriber identity module, is a smart card that stores data for GSM cellular telephone subscribers. Such data includes user identity, location and phone number, network authorization data, personal security keys, contact lists and stored text messages.

S/MIME (Secure/Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions) is a standard for public key encryption and signing of MIME data. S/MIME is on an IETF standards track and defined in a number of documents, most importantly RFCs 3369, 3370, 3850 and 3851.

(IETF The Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) develops and promotes voluntary Internet standards, in particular the standards that comprise the Internet protocol suite (TCP/IP). It is an open standards organization, with no formal membership or membership requirements.)

(RFCs – A Request for Comments (RFC) is a formal document from the Internet Engineering Task Force ( IETF ) that is the result of committee drafting and subsequent review by interested parties. Some RFCs are informational in nature. )

SSL is an acronym for Secure Sockets Layer, an encryption technology that was created by Netscape. SSL creates an encrypted connection between your web server and your visitors’ web browser allowing for private information to be transmitted without the problems of eavesdropping, data tampering, or message forgery.

SMS

Short Message Service (SMS) is a text messaging service component of phone, Web, or mobile communication systems. It uses standardized communications protocols to allow fixed line or mobile phone devices to exchange short text messages.

URL

Uniform Resource Locator – In any web hosting plan, the Uniform resource locator, otherwise known as URL, is the universal way of presenting addresses on the Internet. The URL has two parts. The first part refers to the protocol used, while the second part shows the domain name. This also refers to how you set up your website’s address. It will then be used to find the exact location of the site on the Internet. The URL is also used by search engines to get to the site. It can therefore be seen as the address through which your site will be reached on the Internet.

WCDMA

Is the abbreviation for Wideband Code Division Multiple Access, and is the 3G technology, as defined by the ITU’s IMT-2000 spec, that is used by UMTS and NTT DoCoMo’s FOMA network. WCDMA makes use of many core CDMA technologies created by Qualcomm, though not nearly as many as do regular CDMA carrier networks.